Climate Pollution Created the Highest Record

Bogor, December 5, 2014

Pollution from greenhouse gases (GHG) reached its highest level in 2013. The increase in pollution is caused by a surge in CO2 emissions. It is revealed from the news of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which was released on Tuesday (9/9).

WMO report found that the period of 1990 to 2013 there was an increase of radiation effects by 34% as a result of long-term accumulation of pollutants such as CO2, methane and nitrous oxide. In 2013, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere rose 142% compared to the pre-industrial era is the year 1750. Furthermore, the concentration of methane and nitrous oxide rose 253% and 121%.

As a result, when the CO2 continues to increase, not only harmed human health. However, oceans and ecosystems are also affected. According to WMO, acidification of seawater has reached the highest level in the last 300 million years. General of WMO, Michel Jarraud said, "we know, without a doubt that the climate has changed and become more extreme weather. Human activity is one of them by burning fossil fuels is the cause."

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), CO2 accounts for 80% of the 34% increase in the radiation effect (radiative forcing) that is triggered by the accumulation of greenhouse gases between 1990 and 2013. On a global scale, the number of the world's CO2 in the atmosphere has reached 396 PPM (parts per million) in 2013. In 2012 to 2013 the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere reached 2.9 PPM. This figure is the highest increase in the last 30 years. With the speed increase as today, in 2015 or 2016 will exceed the CO2 concentration of 400 PPM.

Furthermore, the concentration of methane in the atmosphere has also reached the highest point at 1824 PPB (parts per billion) in 2013. While the emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O), its concentration in the atmosphere reached 325.9 PPB. However, its impact on the climate 298 times more harmful than CO2 in the period of 100 years.


Source: (110914)