REDD Could Alter Conservation Priorities
Bogor, June 30, 2008
Changes in land use into other ecosystems can occur if the size of cutting carbon emissions is done by reducing deforestation. This makes experts put the focus back on their priorities to protect biological diversity (biodiversity). Land use change, mostly deforestation, contributing 18-25% of total annual GHG emissions in the world. UNEP WCMC (World Conservation Monitoring Center) itself supports the idea of protection of forests through REDD (Reduction Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation). Note, however, the underlying causes of deforestation, such as the increasing demand for food, so cleansing natural ecosystems are not easily occur, which can destroy habitats therein, said Lera Miles of UNEP-WCMC.
There are currently investigating the UNFCCC REDD in developing countries, and there has been a preliminary agreement in the testing approach to reduce deforestation and carbon emissions reduction supervise. In the long term, UNEP-WCMC want to ensure that climate change and mitigation measures have minimal impact on biodiversity. REDD is likely to apply in the year 2012, according to Miles. If efforts to reduce deforestation in developing countries goes well, the people involved in the field of conservation may be re-focus their priorities on forest carbon density is low and non-forest ecosystems such as savannahs, grasslands, and wet soils (wetland). This will help maintain the biodiversity of ecosystems with lower carbon value.
According to research WCMC, there is a relationship between carbon and biodiversity value ecosystems. Distribution of biodiversity and carbon stocks can help inform decision makers about which forests are worth the investment in preventing deforestation and also can show the non-forest ecosystems which have high carbon stocks and biodiversity